Adapted from BBC Health:

Dyslexia comes from the Greek language meaning ‘difficulty with words’. It’s a symptom of a number of different information processing disorders in the brain.

Because there are so many different possible underlying problems (many of which have yet to be understood fully) dyslexia is hard to closely define because it affects children in many different ways. However, the basic problem is a difficulty learning to read, spell and write, despite adequate intellect and teaching.

Dyslexia is caused by differences in the areas of the brain that deal with language, which aren’t yet fully understood.

Several areas in the brain interact in a complex way to coordinate the manipulation of words needed for reading, writing and spelling, so the features of any one person’s dyslexia will depend on which areas are affected and how.

There may be problems, for example, receiving sensory information through vision or hearing, holding it or structuring it in the brain, or retrieving it later, or there may be problems with the speed of processing information.

Brain-imaging scans show that when dyslexic people try to process information their brains work differently to those without dyslexia. This has nothing to do with intellect – people with dyslexia show a normal range of intelligence.

Inherited or genetic factors are important in dyslexia and other family members are often affected.

About four per cent of the population have severe dyslexia, while a further six per cent experience mild to moderate problems.  The photo at the top of the page shows famous people who have dyslexia.

Early Indications: 

Dyslexia may become apparent in early childhood, with difficulty putting together sequences       (for example, coloured beads, days of week, numbers) and a family history of dyslexia or reading    difficulties.

Toddlers may jumble words and phrases, forget the names of common objects, have problems with rhyming or show slightly delayed speech development. They may have never crawled (even if walking early) and have problems getting dressed, putting shoes on the right feet and clapping rhythms.

At school, children may lack interest in letters and words, have problems with reading and spelling, put letters and figures the wrong way round, be slow at written work and have poor concentration.

These problems persist as the child grows up, with poor reading, writing and spelling skills, which can erode their self-esteem.

Dyslexia should be diagnosed after testing by a psychologist or specialist dyslexia teacher.

There’s no cure, but recognition that a child has a problem (especially, if possible, the specific processing disorder relevant to the individual) and appropriate teaching methods can help a great deal. It’s vital children are diagnosed and given the help they need.

Other approaches can help, too. In cases linked to visual differences, coloured overlays and lenses can lead to improvement because they may stop the letters from ‘dancing on the page’ (a common complaint).

At International School Manila:

Here at ISM we have a number of students within the Elementary School who have a diagnosis of Dsylexia.  These students recieve support both in class and in pull out small group of 1:1 sessions which helps them to prepare from lessons, provides them with extra support in literacy development and planning and collaboration with teachers to ensure that appropriate modifications are provided.  We also have a number of resources including screening tools, coloured overlays and hi-lo reading materials.

What is this program called LiPS?

One of the programs that we use in teaching reading and spelling is a program called LiPS.  Before you wonder what this program is teaching your child, LiPS stands for Lindamood Phoneme Sequencing® Program for Reading, Spelling, and Speech (LiPS®). It starts not with letters and sounds of the alphabets, but by making your child aware of […]

Reading Resources for Children with Special Needs

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Conquer that Multiplication Table!

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FUN Directions 🙂

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The Unappreciated Benefits of Dyslexia

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Making Inferences and Reading

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Summer Learning Links

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Strategies for Summer Reading for Children with Dyslexia

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Dyslexia Parents Resource

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Overcoming Dyslexia

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Insightful article

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Parents reading tips English, Korean, Tagalog and more

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Everyone loves…

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Simple Ways to treat dyslexia

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Educational Games

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Our famous friends…

A couple of good friends of mine sent me their thoughts on growing up with dyslexia, ADHD etc. Orlando Bloom [youtube][/youtube] Richard Branson [youtube][/youtube] OK so unfortunately neither Mr. Bloom or Mr. Branson are friends of mine but I found both of these little clips really inspiring.  Branson in particular seems to have excelled in […]

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Links for Reading Practice

Links for reading practice

ISM’s Parent Book Club

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LD OnLine Forums

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Using Multi-Sensory Teaching Methods

Studies from the National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development have shown that for children with difficulties learning to read, a multisensory teaching method is the most effective teaching method. This is especially crucial for a dyslexic child. But what does it mean? Using a multisensory teaching approach means helping a child to learn […]

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Resources for Parents

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